Maharashtra's law granting reservation is overturned by the Supreme Court.
Maharashtra's rule giving reservation to the Maratha minority was revoked by the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court has dismissed maratha reservation in education and jobs. The Maharashtra law that provided reservation to Marathas was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, citing a violation of the right to equality.
The Supreme Court stated that there were no extraordinary circumstances that justified reaching the 50% limit set by the Indra Sawhney decision. Articles 14 and 15 are violated when the ceiling limit of 50% set by Indra Sawhney is exceeded.
Although upholding the constitutionality of the 102nd amendment, a five-judge bench ruled by a majority that the state cannot declare a group to be socially and educationally backward; this must be achieved by the federal government.
The minority opinion, on the other hand, states that the Centre and the State should declare a group backward for the purpose of granting reservation.
A bench of Justices L. Nageswara Rao, S Abdul Nazeer, Hemant Gupta, and S. Ravindra Bhat delivered the unanimous decision. The Supreme Court stressed that exceeding the 50% cap in the absence of exceptional circumstances violates Article 14, and that the 2018 act, as amended in 2019, exceeds the limit in the absence of exceptional circumstances.
Various states have also expressed their support. The Maharashtra government argued that the Supreme Court's 1992 decision by a nine-judge bench should be re-examined, and that the 50 percent limit imposed by the judicial verdict should be removed, and that they should be free to decide on the amount of quota required.
The Centre had also come out in favour of the Maratha reservation, telling the court that it was a legal provision.