Heard about MGNREGS? How has it helped thousands of migrant workers during this pandemic?
Here is all you need to know:-
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) was introduced in 2006-07 as a security for the labour class in rural areas. It was initially launched in 2000 of the most backward districts, giving an extension to more than 130 districts by 2007-08 & 2008-09.
MGNREGS provides a rural household with a hundred days of wage work in a financial year if the adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual labour. Wages must be paid within fifteen days of completion of work.
According to the World Bank, India's labour force was 47.16 crore in 2020, down from 49.74 crores the previous year. In previous years, the figure hovered around 48-49 crores.
One in every four people in the country's labour force employed under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) during the pandemic-ravaged year. This is in contrast to the situation in the previous few years when just one in every six people in the labour force relied on the system for survival.
The data show that the pandemic has forced millions back into poverty, as well as showing the common work scheme's high effectiveness in coping with the crisis.
Since its inception in 2006-07, for the first time, more than 11 crore labourers have worked under this scheme during the FY 2020-2021.
Based on data, a record of 7.54 crore households worked under the scheme. In FY 2010-11 the previous high score was recorded of Rs. 5.5 crore. These numbers are most likely to increase after the muster roll data gets updated for the last week of March.
Large-scale job losses across the economy, particularly in the informal sector, have significantly reduced total workdays in the previous year, implying the scheme's relative position in generating work was much higher.
MGNREGS's share of workdays peaked in May and June of last year, when the number of individual days reached 57 and 64 crores, respectively, compared to the monthly average of 32 crores in the year.
The labour force is made up of people aged 15 and up who provide labour for the manufacture of goods and services. It includes people who are already working, unemployed but looking for jobs and first-time job-seekers. Unpaid members, family workers, and students are, of course, exempt.