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Digital Education India

Digital Education India
Introduction:

Due to the coronavirus epidemic, the education sector is currently in crisis. Educational institutions are closed and, possibly, will remain closed by 2021 due to the growing number of Covid-19 cases.

In this case, online education has helped the cause of education. However, there are several educational challenges online and the same needs to be addressed.

Digital Education – Challenges:

Teacher Training

·         Teachers care for the health of children in school, mentally, emotionally and socially.

·         The school should take care of the children's emotional, social and moral health, which is strongly opposed to social isolation.

·         Teachers are not trained enough to focus these lessons on using online users.

Problem of parenthood

·         Another challenge is keeping 1000’s of children out of school when their parents return to work after being detained from lockdown.

·         Who will take responsibility for the child's safety and learning at home is always a big problem!

Lack of proper study room

·         Census 2011 tells us that 71 % of households with 3 or more members have living rooms with 2 or fewer rooms (74 % of rural areas and 64 % of urban areas).

·         In that case, how will the children get an education in a good uninterrupted environment will remain a big question?

Insufficient Internet access

·         According to the 2017-18 National Sample Survey data, only 42 % of urban and 15 % of rural households have internet access, and only 34 % of urban and 11 % of rural people have used the internet in the past 30 days.

·         This data clearly suggests that 2/3rd of children will be left out of the online education process.

·         The most affected, as usual, will be the marginalized, the rural, and the poor people.

Slow Internet speed

·         When it comes to the online education, it's about communicating directly with teachers through online modes such as video calls or watching online video lectures, and both require high speed with a stable internet connection.

·         If there is not enough internet speed, then the whole idea will not be able to progress. We can see the same in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir where there are regular student protests as they cannot read without a proper internet connection.

No Standard Policy

·         Education in the form of Digital education is not about video lectures on blackboards by the teachers through online.

·         It’s about the right platforms, technologies, tools, collaboration, termination, content and much more.

·         We do not have a comprehensive policy on digital education, infrastructure, content, communication and multi-lingualism.

Lack of social cohesion

·         Institutions which provide in general public education also plays a role in social cohesion and related equality.

·         It is a place where people of all genders, castes, sub-castes, classes, and communities can meet without one group being forced to bow down to others.

·         This vital learning education may be added by online education.

Way Forward:

Bharat Network

·         The National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) now called Bharat Network aims to connect all 2,50,000 panchayats for more than Rs 40,000 crores.

·         With BharatNet, the government is considering providing 100 Mbps bandwidth per Gram Panchayat so that online services are available to everyone, especially those in rural areas of India.

·         This includes e-management, e-learning, e-banking, e-commerce, and e-health services.

·         Once the infrastructure is completed, it will be a national asset and non-discriminatory access will be a game-changer in terms of service delivery and should therefore be accelerated.

Increase in Finance

·         Governments will have to think seriously about providing more funding for digital education in schools.

·         Increasing the education budget to 6% of GDP is an acceptable act in the National Education Policy-2020 revealed during last year.

Parents - Teacher Training

·         The majority of teachers and parents are technically not sound and most of them even lack basic knowledge about technology.

·         It is most important that they are trained in this way so that the fruits of their knowledge reach the students.

Increase Accessibility

·         The epidemic has taught us a lot about how to adapt to new and innovative ways. But taking the weak points is equally necessary.

·         Involvement in grade learning programs, especially for students from low-income groups or the presence of a disability is very important.

·         The government needs to provide teachers and students by providing digital support by making platforms and content free of charge.

·         Must be provided with the necessary online learning infrastructure such as smartphones, and laptops.

National Information Network (NKN)

·         NKN is a multidisciplinary national research and education network, the purpose of which is to provide the core of a high-speed integrated network of educational institutions in India.

·         NK NKN was established as a high-bandwidth network to connect all information creation organizations including IITs, IIMs, universities, research laboratories, and other e-governance institutions up to the regional level.

·         It was intended to promote development in partnership and to build a database of all sectors.

·         This network exists and is fully operational but only a few institutions make full use of it due to a lack of understanding, local facilities, funding and technical expertise.

·         NKN is being expanded soon, which is a good step. However, there is an urgent need to make it an integral part of Digital India's plan and to use it to provide e-services at the bottom of the economic pyramid.

Increase Accessibility

·         The epidemic has taught us a lot about how to adapt to new and innovative ways. But taking the weakest parts is equally necessary.

·         Involvement in grade learning programs, especially for students from low-income groups or the presence of a disability is very important.

·         The government needs to provide teachers and students by providing digital support by making platforms and content free of charge.

·         Must be provided with the necessary online learning infrastructure such as smartphones, and laptops.

Conclusion:

·         Digital education for fun learning of all cadres and is very effective in child learning as the new audio-video feature develops logical things in a child's brain.

·         The combination of infotainment involved in digital learning makes it more efficient, more practical, and more responsive to our lives and the environment.

·         Students view this as a flexible option that allows them to learn in terms of their time and speed. Teachers also find it easier to develop their own learning programs with the help of technology.

o   Teaching is a smooth experience with a complete match of packages made with a combination of animation, gambling, and a wide range of audio and visual effects.

·         Therefore, online teaching and learning methods deserve our high praise but only if their proper role is played, which is to supplement, support, and enhance face-to-face teaching methods.

·         The transition from teacher-based teaching to digital education will require considerable effort over time.


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